Published on : 04 May 20203 min reading time

Self-consumption of energy has become a common practice in France. Moreover, it has become accessible to the greatest number of people thanks to technical advances and renewable energies. But what are the advantages of self-consumption?


One of the first advantages of self-consumption is undoubtedly autonomy or energetic independence. Indeed, if you choose the self-consumption mode you will no longer be obliged to pay a bill to the energy suppliers. Moreover, this energy autonomy is total because self-consumption adapts to any type of building, place or environment. By producing the electricity you consume, you will make financial savings and no longer depend on problems related to the distribution network and free to use any household appliances without fear of exploding the bill. It is also important to know that the more people who use equipment such as photovoltaic or solar panels, for example, the faster will be the amortization of the costs of installation or purchase of these materials. Thus, compared to a normal electricity network, there will be no restriction in consumption favouring the creation of a business or SME or even a craft workshop. However, it is important to point out the major disadvantage on the cost of materials, installation costs and labour to install photovoltaic or solar panels.


In most cases, self-consumption of energy consists of implementing ecological means of electricity production such as photovoltaic, wind or solar power. They are among the renewable energies that do not endanger the ecosystem, unlike environmentally damaging nuclear or coal-fired power plants. Energy self-sufficiency will enable you to become an eco-citizen. But you should be aware that despite the willingness to participate in the protection of the environment, the production of electricity may be disrupted by weather conditions.


If you produce a surplus of energy, it can be stored or sold. It is also possible to inject surplus energy into the networks free of charge, although this activity requires authorisation from the competent authorities and the signing of a contract with the electricity network operator. Under certain circumstances, it is possible to sell electricity at a higher price than the market price. The State may also provide financial support for the installation of photovoltaic or solar panels, for example, a tax credit or direct aid may be considered. The aim is to encourage self-consumption in order to contribute to environmental protection. In conclusion, self-consumption is both a means of saving on one’s energy bill and at the same time the possibility of earning money by selling surplus production.